Most Common Monsoon Diseases – their Prevention & their Cure

Monsoons arrive immediately after the hot summer season. The monsoons bring relief from the heat during the summer season.  Unfortunately it also comes with plenty of diseases. Monsoon is also known as Flu season.  There are some diseases which can be dealt at home and preventable but some diseases need proper medical treatment. So, it is important to take care of your health during the monsoon season.

Common Diseases affecting during Monsoons

1. Malaria

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Malaria is a serious disease spread by mosquitoes and caused by female Anopheles mosquito which is found in waterlogged areas. This is the most common disease in monsoon. The most common symptoms of malaria are- body ache and weakness in the body, headache, shivers, nausea, vomiting, and fever. This is dangerous for health because of the bite by the infected mosquito.

If your body is affected by malaria then the complications which can occur are- cerebral malaria (in which unconsciousness, abnormal behavior, and seizures are included), low blood sugar, kidney failure, and severe anemia.

Treatment for Malaria

Malaria can be treated by pediatrician, general primary care doctor as well as by infectious disease specialist. Besides primary care, the medical team needs to decide the medications on the basis of some factors including the specific species of parasite identified, the severity of symptoms, and determination of drug resistance where the patient lives or travel.

The most common medications are – quinine, mefloquine, chloroquine, doxycycline, primaquine phosphate etc. but ofcourse should be taken in consultation in the medical practitioner.

Preventive Measures

Always wear full sleeves clothes which cover exposed skin and closed shoes that can reduce the risk of bites. Sleep under bed nets, it protects you from the bites of mosquitoes. Apply creams to exposed skin. Clean water tank in your house and keep your surrounding clean. Antimalarial medication, and Prompt Diagnosis and treatment.

2. Dengue

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Dengue fever is a disease caused by the tiger mosquito. The other name of this disease is ‘break-bone fever’.  The low platelet count, rashes, hypersensitivity, high fever, weakness in the body, headache, fatigue, severe eye pain, red spots on the skin are the symptoms of dengue. Bleeding gums and severe pain are other signs of dengue fever. Dengue can affect anyone but mostly affects people who have a weak immune system. The complications which can occur are – bleeding from mucous membranes, rapid/shallow breathing, vomiting blood, severe abdominal pain.

Treatment

There is no particular official treatment for dengue you simply have to ride it out over time. The possible basic treatment includes giving medications to control fever, close monitoring to ensure the virus does not cause hemorrhaging, and fluids to stop dehydration. One has to be very careful here – You just cannot pop pills here – you need to consult a qualified doctor as the complexities are more.

Preventive measures

As this disease is transmitted via mosquitoes, one should wear full sleeves clothes that cover the entire body, to protect yourself from the bite of a mosquito. Use mosquito nets. Spray liquid sprays directly to mosquitoes to ensure the house is mosquito-free.

3. Chikungunya

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Chikungunya is transmitted through the bite of an AedesAlbopictus mosquito. This is caused by mosquitoes born in stagnated water found in air conditioners, coolers, utensils, plants, and water pipes. The most prominent symptoms are fever and joint pains. Headaches, fatigue, rash, nausea are the common symptoms as well. If a person is affected by chikungunya for a long time, in this case, the person can suffer from following complications- neurological, retinal, and cardiological problems.

Treatment

There is no specific treatment for chikungunya. Also, there is no vaccine against this disease. Doctors can only manage the symptoms. So, it is important for people to take preventive measures. A lab test is required for the diagnosis. That test will confirm the infection with virus and symptoms can be treated accordingly. Get in touch with a doctor fast when you see these symptoms.

Precautions to control Chikungunya

  • Cover water storage containers.
  • Keep your surrounding clean.
  • Ensure that your fridge tray and A/C tray are cleaned.
  • Wear full-sleeved clothes.
  • Use mosquito coils during sleeping time.
  • Use insect repellents.
  • Use door and window screens to keep the mosquitoes outside your home.

4. Jaundice

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Monsoon is the time of catching this disease through consumption of contaminated water and food. Jaundice is caused by hyperbilirubinemia (an excess of bilirubin in the blood). Yellow urine, yellowing eyes, vomiting, stomach infection, and liver dysfunction are the symptoms of jaundice and should be looked out for.

Prevention

  • Take medications which prevent malaria from traveling to high-risk regions.
  • Avoid fast food and street food to maintain good hygiene.
  • Avoid heavy alcohol use.
  • Drink boiled water regularly.
  • Take vaccines for hepatitis (hepatitis A and hepatitis B).

5. Typhoid

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Typhoid is the most common monsoon disease and is a water-borne disease. It is a communicable disease.  Typhoid is caused by Styptic bacteria, due to poor sanitation which is transmitted through consuming contaminated water and food. The worst part of this disease is that the infection can remain in the gallbladder of the patient even after it is cured. Prolonged fever, severe pain in the abdomen, headache, and weakness are the most common symptoms of Typhoid.

Treatment

Treatments of typhoid includes taking of medicines as advised by the doctor. As this is a communicable disease, consult the doctor either online or offline as soon as possible.

Preventions to control Typhoid

  • Always keep hand sanitizer with you.
  • Drink healthy fluids and boiled water to prevent dehydration.
  • Eat healthy food.
  • Getting Homeopathy treatment helps.

Continue following precautions even after apparent recovery.

6. Diarrhea

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Diarrhea is another most common disease during monsoon and is caused due to the consumption of unhygienic foods and water and bacteria, viruses, or parasites. Acute and Chronic are two types of Diarrhoea. Diarrhea is characterized by abnormally loose or watery stools. Chronic diarrhea is also called functional because a clear cause cannot be found of this disease.

Symptoms of Diarrhoea are

  • Thirst
  • Blotting
  • Stomach pain
  • Fever
  • Weight loss
  • Weakness in body

There are also some serious symptoms of Diarrhoea- Dehydration, persistent vomiting, Blood or pus in stools. If a person is affected by chronic Diarrhoea, it may indicate a more serious illness. And the serious complications can be- malabsorption, with chronic diarrhea and dehydration, with acute or chronic diarrhea. The condition of Diarrhea needs to be diagnosed treated to prevent further problems.

Treatment

Some cases of acute diarrhea may resolve without treatment. Persistent or chronic diarrhea requires proper medical treatment. So, consultation with a doctor is important for your health. You can consult a doctor online also.

Antidiarrheal medicines are used for the treatment. If your baby under 1 year had 3 bouts of vomiting within 24 hours, then consult doctor immediately.  If your baby is suffering from vomiting and diarrhea at the same time, then visit to doctor. There are drugs that help in reduction of stool passage. They are available online or in a medical store. Particular type of Bismuth subsalicylates are the medicines which helps to reduces diarrheal stool in children and adults. These medicines are also available online as well as in medical stores. One should consult the qualified doctor immediately to ensure treatment starts fast.

Prevention

  • Drink clean and boiled water
  • Breastfeeding for the newborn babies
  • Education regarding the spread of the infection
  • Good hygiene practices- use hand sanitizer, wash hands before eating.

7. Viral Fever

 

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Viral fever is a common disease but is the most common during monsoons. Sudden weather change also causes viral fever. The common symptoms of viral fever are- cold, severe pain in the body, cough. Viral fever is contagious and spreads through infected droplets in the air or by coming into physical contact with infected persons. The general duration of viral fever is 3 to 7 days.

Treatment

There is a general treatment for viral fever. Viral fever can be treated by primary doctor care. Doctors generally recommend Antihistamines, decongestants and antipyretic drugs if you are suffering from viral fever. The viral disease is generally self-limiting and generally, do not need antibiotic unless there is a secondary infection. If you are feeling low for a long time go to the doctor immediately.

Preventive measures

  • Wash your hands before preparing or eating food.
  • Never stay in rain for a long time or in wet clothes.
  • Eat vitamin C rich foods and green vegetables.
  • Always keep a distance from an infected person.
  • Boost immunity system.
  • Avoid fast food or street food.

8. Cold and Flu

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Cold and flu are the most common disease caused by a virus present in the air mostly occurs due to the drastic changes in temperature during the rainy season. A cold is a form of viral infection. The virus present in air infects the upper respiratory tract and also affects the nose and the throat. The symptoms of cold and flu are- body ache, runny and stuffy nose, throat irritation, and fever.

Treatment

If you are suffering from this type of infection and feeling any of the symptoms consult a physician and get the required medicines prescribed by the physician for getting cured of the infection. You can also treat yourself at home by taking steam.

Preventions

  • Wash your hands often or use sanitizer. Wash hands with warm water and rub your hands at least 20 seconds while washing hands to eliminate germs.
  • Keep your fingers away from eyes, nose, and face to avoid infecting yourself with cold virus particles.
  • Do regular exercise such as brisk walking, for 45 minutes a day. This can reduce the risk of cold.
  • Have a healthy, balanced, and nutritious diet regular to develop the immune system and body resistance. This is the best way to prevent cold. This also will help in fighting germs by producing antibodies against the released toxins.
  • Try to sleep 7 or 8 hours a night.
  • Get the flu vaccine- Vaccines are the best way to prevent from cold. Getting flu vaccine in October and November is the best time. You can also get the vaccine during flu season.

9. Leptospirosis

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Leptospirosis is a bacterial infection caused by a strain of Leptospirosis and by coming in contact with dirty water or muck. This disease is transmitted from animals to human. The symptoms of this disease are- Muscle ache, shiver, headache, fever, red eyes, rash, abdominal pain, and inflammation. If you have any kind of cuts or bruise, cover them.

Prevention

  • At work- If you are work in an occupation of farming or working with sewers or drains, wear adequate protective clothing and you come into contact with animals sources of contaminated water there. Use waterproof gloves and boots, goggles and a mask.
  • Traveling abroad – If you are planning to travel to other countries of the world where leptospirosis is widespread, limit your exposure to freshwater sources, such as lakes, ponds, and rivers. Drink sealed bottled water, boiled water or fresh water. Also, wear adequate protective clothing. Never touch a dead animal by your hands.
  • Animal’s vaccine- As, there is no vaccine that protects humans from leptospirosis, but it is possible to vaccinate animals.

10. Stomach Infections

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Stomach pain, diarrhea, and vomiting are the most common stomach infections to get in this weather. Gastroenteritis is another stomach infection caused in monsoon. The cause is typically a viral or bacterial infection. Stomach pain, irritation in the intestine, vomiting for a long time are the symptoms of stomach infections.

Preventions

  • Washing your hands is the best way to prevent stomach infection.
  • Avoid contaminated drinks and food.
  • Drink clean and boiled water.
  • Drink plenty of water to stay healthy.
  • Avoid the food that is spicy and rich in sugar.

The monsoons are a sudden change in the weather and temperature from the heat of summer season, but they bring some unwelcome guests. Those guests are hassles and health problems which come along with pleasant rain. You should take care of your health during monsoon season to stay healthy and fit. Consultation with Doctor is also important during monsoon.

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